Péter P. Müller (HU)

Major Changes in the Institutional Structure and Social Function of Hungarian Theatre

- summary -


- 1919, Russia: nationalization of theatres; the maintainer of all theatres becomes the state; permanent companies are set up who get their own theatre building; no occasional groups are allowed; the state has total control on the theatres.

- 1949, Hungary: the Russian (Soviet) model adapted: theatres nationalized, private theatres, free groups, occasional companies are eliminated from the theatrical scene, theatre from this time on equals a building & a permanent company & a repertoire together.

- 1989-90, Hungary: swift erosion and collapse of socialist system; spread of capitalist economy, democratic elections, significant change in the status and institutional conditions of culture, with the exception of theatres which preserve the socialist theatrical system in their structure (building & company & repertoire).

- 2009, Hungary: majority of theatres work still in the form founded after the Soviet Revolution in 1919; politics till exercise control on theatres in delegating directors.

- major changes tin the social function of theatres from 1989-09: artwork and work of art becomes measured by the capitalist market; art is seen as a product; commercialization of theatrical programs; spread of mass culture; artistic work restricted to small, limited places; experimental groups have developed out of the official theatrical structure, etc.